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Home > International > Apiaries > 10-frame bee hives

10-frame bee hives

We mainly operate with small size colonies. We work with only 150 Dadant 10-frame bee hives.

  1. They produce the right amount of males required for the saturation of our fertilization zone.
  2. A few of them are provided with pollen traps in order to produce the protein dough used for the breeders and the jelly hives.
  3. When the colza starts to blossom, we remove 1 or 2 package bees to fill the Kielers.
  4. At the end of the season, we generally collect one swarm on 3 different frames to renew the frames.
  5. During summer time, they guarantee a honey income to indemnify the apiaries’ owners.

Behaviour of the bee hives:

The change of queen in the hive:
We try to maintain a large genetic diversity to strengthen the queens against the diseases.

  • At the beginning of the season, we renew ¼ of our hives by putting queens from tested breeds in new hives.
  • At the end of the season, we eliminate the 2 to 3 year old queens (1/4 of the bee population) and replace them with fertilized queen bees coming from the nuclei.

N.B. The average age for a queen in the hive is two years old. In the small hives, 90% of the queens are less than 1 year old.

Anti-varroa treatments:

  • Summer: 2 oxalic acid treatments by drops + pieces of cardboard soaked with amitraz. The treatments start as soon as we begin the honey chambers’ crop (before the winter laying)
  • Winter: 1 oxalic acid treatment + pieces of cardboard soaked with amitraz, out of the brood.

Struggle against diseases:

  • As a consequence of our good behaviour (very fast rotation of the frames, 90% of our queens are less than 1 year old…), we maintain a low rate of diseases.
    -* We strictly NEVER use antibiotics even to treat the Foulbrood or Nosema.

The feeding:

  • We never feed the hives. As well, we never stimulate the colonies with diluted syrup.
  • At the beginning of March, when the males’ laying starts, we distribute a little quantity of protein dough to all the hives. Meanwhile, we insert the males’ frames.

Hives’ behaviour:

The different formats of hives used on our farm specializing in queen rearing and the swarms production

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